-First data to show potential for viral cure in many patients with a 12-week combination regimen of multiple direct-acting antivirals-
"The results from this study are the first to show the potential for a combination of multiple direct-acting antiviral medicines to help people with hepatitis C clear the virus with as few as 12 and no more than 24 weeks of treatment," said
ZENITH is an ongoing Phase 2 study that initially enrolled 106 people with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C and began with four treatment arms designed to evaluate multiple response-guided treatment regimens with VX-222, Vertex's lead polymerase inhibitor in development, in combination with INCIVEK, Pegasys® (pegylated-interferon alfa-2a) and Copegus® (ribavirin), three medicines approved to treat hepatitis
Arms A (n=18) and B (n=29) were designed to evaluate all-oral, two-drug combination regimens of VX-222 (400 mg or 100 mg) and INCIVEK (1,125 mg). Data presented in March at The International Liver Congress™ 2011, the 46th annual meeting of the
Data announced today are from the four-drug treatment arms (Arms C and D). In these two arms, patients were assigned to take all four medicines for the first 12 weeks of treatment. People who had undetectable hepatitis C virus levels in the blood (HCV RNA) at weeks two and eight of treatment were eligible to stop all treatment at week 12. In this study, the amount of hepatitis C virus in the blood was measured by the Roche COBAS® Taqman HCV test (<10 IU/mL undetectable). People who did not meet these criteria were assigned to receive 24 total weeks of treatment: 12 weeks of the four-drug combination regimen followed by 12 weeks of pegylated-interferon and ribavirin alone. This interim analysis includes SVR12 results for the people who were eligible for and completed 12 total weeks of treatment and end-of-treatment results for the people who were assigned to and completed 24 total weeks of treatment.
|ZENITH: Interim Analysis|
SVR12 in people who
Undetectable hepatitis C
VX-222 (400 mg), INCIVEK,
VX-222 (100 mg), INCIVEK,
SVR12: undetectable hepatitis C virus 12 weeks after treatment ended.
*50 percent (15/30) had undetectable hepatitis C virus at weeks 2 and 8 and were eligible to stop all treatment at week 12. Two people in the VX-222 (400 mg) treatment arm discontinued treatment before week 12 and did not achieve SVR12.
**38 percent (11/29) had undetectable hepatitis C virus at weeks 2 and 8 and were eligible to stop all treatment at week 12. Four people in the VX-222 (100 mg) treatment arm discontinued treatment before week 12 and two of them achieved SVR12.
+One person in the 12-week VX-222 (400 mg) treatment arm relapsed.
++Two people in the 12-week VX-222 (100 mg) treatment arm relapsed.
^24-week end-of-treatment data are not available for one patient.
Two additional treatment arms (E and F) were added to the study to evaluate a three-drug, all-oral, interferon-free regimen of VX-222 (400 mg), INCIVEK and ribavirin. Enrollment in these treatment arms is expected to be complete by the end of the third quarter of 2011. Arm E will evaluate people with genotype 1b chronic hepatitis C and Arm F will evaluate people with genotype 1a chronic hepatitis C. Vertex expects to report data from the all-oral treatment arms in the first half of 2012.
Interim Safety and Tolerability Results from the Four-drug Treatment Arms
The most frequent adverse events observed in the four-drug treatment arms were fatigue, nausea, diarrhea, anemia, pruritis (itchiness) and rash. The majority of events were mild or moderate. Mild diarrhea occurred more frequently in the VX-222 (400 mg) treatment arm. The majority of people in the study did not use medication to control diarrhea. There were no treatment discontinuations due to diarrhea. Six patients discontinued treatment due to adverse events; three each from the 400 mg and 100 mg treatment arms. Two people from each arm discontinued treatment before week 12 and one person in each arm discontinued treatment between weeks 12 and 24 while they were receiving pegylated-interferon and ribavirin alone.
About INCIVEK and VX-222
INCIVEK (in-SEE-veck) is an oral medicine that acts directly on the hepatitis C virus protease, an enzyme essential for viral replication. In
VX-222 is an oral medicine in development that is a non-nucleoside inhibitor of the HCV NS5B polymerase. VX-222 is currently being evaluated in combination with INCIVEK, pegylated-interferon and ribavirin in a Phase 2 study. Vertex has worldwide commercial rights for VX-222.
Vertex developed telaprevir in collaboration with Tibotec Vicro-Virology BVBA, one of the
INCIVEK™ is a trademark of
PEGASYS®, COPEGUS® and Roche COBAS® Taqman HCV test are registered trademarks of Hoffmann-La Roche.
INCIVEKTM (telaprevir) tablets is a prescription medicine used with the medicines peginterferon alfa and ribavirin to treat chronic (lasting a long time) hepatitis C genotype 1 infection in adults with stable liver problems, who have not been treated before or who have failed previous treatment.
It is not known if INCIVEK is safe and effective in children under 18 years of age.
IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION
INCIVEK should always be taken in combination with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin. Ribavirin may cause birth defects or death of an unborn baby. Therefore, you should not take INCIVEK combination treatment if you are pregnant or may become pregnant, or if you are a man with a sexual partner who is pregnant.
INCIVEK and other medicines can affect each other and can also cause side effects that can be serious or life threatening. There are certain medicines you cannot take with INCIVEK combination treatment. Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements.
INCIVEK can cause serious side effects including rash and anemia. The most common side effects of INCIVEK include itching, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, anal or rectal problems, taste changes and tiredness. There are other possible side effects of INCIVEK, and side effects associated with peginterferon alfa and ribavirin also apply to INCIVEK combination treatment. Tell your healthcare provider about any side effect that bothers you or doesn't go away.
Please see full Prescribing Information for INCIVEK, including the Medication Guide, available at www.INCIVEK.com.
About Hepatitis C
Hepatitis C is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus, which is spread through direct contact with the blood of infected people and ultimately affects the liver.1 Chronic hepatitis C can lead to serious and life-threatening liver problems, including liver damage, cirrhosis, liver failure or liver cancer.1 Though many people with hepatitis C may not experience symptoms, others may have symptoms such as fatigue, fever, jaundice and abdominal pain.1
Unlike HIV and hepatitis B virus, chronic hepatitis C can be cured.2 However, approximately 60 percent of people do not achieve SVR,3,4,5 or viral cure,6 after treatment with 48 weeks of pegylated-interferon and ribavirin alone. If treatment is not successful and a person does not achieve a viral cure, they remain at an increased risk for progressive liver disease.7,8
More than 170 million people worldwide are chronically infected with hepatitis C.6 In
Special Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains forward-looking statements as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements regarding (i) the potential for a combination of multiple direct-acting antiviral medicines to treat genotype 1 hepatitis C in as few as 12 weeks and no more than 24 weeks; (ii) additional results from the study being submitted for presentation at an upcoming medical meeting; (iii) additional data from this study, including data from the ongoing all-oral treatment arms, guiding our future development plans with the goal of further improving treatment; (iv) the design of Arm E and Arm F of the study and the expectation that enrollment in these arms will be completed by the end of the third quarter of 2011; and (v) the expectation that Vertex will report data from the all-oral treatment arms in the first half of 2012. While the company believes the forward-looking statements contained in this press release are accurate, there are a number of factors that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements. Those risks and uncertainties include, among other things, that the interim data presented in this press release may not be predictive of the final outcomes from this clinical trial; the outcomes from additional arms in this clinical trial and/or from any future clinical trials of telaprevir/VX-222 may not be favorable; future scientific, clinical, competitive or other market factors may adversely affect the potential for telaprevir/VX-222-based therapy and the other risks listed under Risk Factors in Vertex's annual report and quarterly reports filed with the
Vertex creates new possibilities in medicine. Our team discovers, develops and commercializes innovative therapies so people with serious diseases can lead better lives.
Vertex scientists and our collaborators are working on new medicines to cure or significantly advance the treatment of hepatitis C, cystic fibrosis, epilepsy and other life-threatening diseases.
Founded more than 20 years ago in
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2 Pearlman BL and
3 Manns MP, McHutchison JG, Gordon SC, et al. Peginterferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin compared with interferon alfa-2b plus ribavirin for initial treatment of chronic hepatitis C: a randomised trial. Lancet. 2001;358:958-965.
4 Fried MW, Shiffman ML, Reddy KR, et al. Peginterferon alfa-2a plus ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C virus infection. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:975-982.
5 McHutchison JG, Lawitz EJ, Shiffman ML, et al; IDEAL Study Team. Peginterferon alfa-2b or alfa-2a with ribavirin for treatment of hepatitis C infection. N Engl J Med. 2009;361:580-593.
6 Ghany MG, Strader DB, Thomas DL, Seeff, LB. Diagnosis, management and treatment of hepatitis C; An update. Hepatology. 2009;49 (4):1-40.
7 Morgan TR, Ghany MG, Kim HY, Snow KK, Lindsay K, Lok AS. Outcome of sustained virological responders and non-responders in the Hepatitis C Antiviral Long-Term Treatment Against Cirrhosis (HALT-C) trial. Hepatology. 2008;50(Suppl 4):357A (Abstract 115).
8 Veldt BJ, Heathcote J, Wedmeyer H. Sustained virologic response and clinical outcomes in patients with chronic hepatitis C and advanced fibrosis. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2007; 147: 677-684.
10 Pyenson B, Fitch K,
11 Volk MI, Tocco R, Saini S, Lok, ASF. Public health impact of antiviral therapy for hepatitis C in
12 Davis GL, Alter MJ,
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